Course: Introduction to Health Policy

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Lecture Materials

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Module 1: The Rational Public Health Policy Process

» What Public Health Policy Do You Want to Change? (Anderson)

  • Gain an overview of policy concerns among faculty at Johns Hopkins and other researchers in the field
  • Explain Bardach's Eightfold Path for the rational policy process
  • Describe and apply each step in the Eightfold Path in the rational policy process

» Assessing Need and Demand for Health Care (Anderson)

  • Compare and contrast alternative models of the policy process
  • Describe how need and demand measures are used in the policy process
  • Compare and contrast the terms need, demand, equity, and disparities as used in the policy process

» Historical, Legal, and Ethical Perspectives on Public Health Policy (Anderson)

  • Present the population basis of public health
  • Discuss the role of government health regulation in public health
  • Explain the legal and ethical ramifications of delivering core and essential public health services

» Economic and Financial Considerations in Health Policy (Anderson)

  • Describe the fundamental tenets of economics
  • Discuss how economists versus health professionals think about trade-offs in health
  • Identify the financing and cost concerns at the federal, state, local, and private levels

» Evaluation and Assessment of Health Policy (Anderson)

  • Describe the possible relationships among variables in the evaluative process
  • Compare and contrast observational and experimental methodologies to data analysis
  • Compare and contrast internal and external validity

» Two Frequently Asked Questions (Anderson)

  • Describe the rationality of the policy process
  • Describe the barriers to international application of the policy process

Module 2: Delivering Medical Care

» Health Policy and the Delivery of Health Care: Case Study 1 (Weiner)

  • Describe the relationships between public health, population health, health policy, and medical care delivery
  • Complete an interactive policy analysis case study related to population-based health care (we will work through steps 1-3 of the Bardach framework) by using the Health Policy Checklist
  • Expand the Bardach policy analysis framework by considering a) policy-related evaluation and program development; b) private (non-public) organization contexts; and c) overlap with other related paradigms

» Health Policy and the Delivery of Health Care: Case Study 2 (Weiner); Health Policy Checklist for Module 2 Exercises

  • Use steps 4-8 of the expanded Bardach framework in policy analysis
  • Highlight some "evidence-based" tools and decision making frameworks that may be useful to policy analysis
  • Discuss the relationships between policy development and analysis, program management, program evaluation, and other academic research

Module 3: Injury Prevention and Trauma Care

» Setting the Stage: The Burden of Injury and Strategies for Intervention (MacKenzie)

  • Explain how injury is a major public health problem
  • Discuss principal strategies for quantifying the burden of injury (illness)
  • Illustrate the use of burden measures in assessing the impact of policy options

» How Did an Airbag Get Into My Steering Wheel: A Case Study in Injury Prevention Policy (Frattaroli)

  • Understand motor vehicle injury as a public health problem
  • Apply Bardach's framework to motor vehicle injury in the United States
  • Use the air bag policy case study to analyze the political, policy, and legal ramifications of policy analysis

» Funding Trauma Centers: Using the Bardach Framework to Develop a Rational Policy (MacKenzie)

  • Provide background about trauma systems and the role that trauma centers play in an overall systems approach to trauma care
  • Explain the root cause for the closure of trauma centers
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of alternative solutions to closing trauma centers

Module 4: Emergency Preparedness

» Public Health Preparedness Policies: Pre-9/11 Policies (Burke) - This lecture is currently unavailable

  • Demonstrate how public health preparedness was approached pre-9/11 using Bardach's framework
  • Provide an overview of the public health challenges of terrorism, including the potential terrorism threats and their public health consequences
  • Describe the public health tools to assess risks and vulnerability and to improve preparedness

» Public Health Preparedness Policies: Post-9/11 Realities and Future Directions (Burke) - This lecture is currently unavailable

  • Discuss how public health preparedness policy changed post-9/11 using Bardach's framework
  • Explain the steps taken to improve public health preparedness post-9/11
  • Discuss the limitations of Bardach's framework for public health preparedness policy