Course: Using Summary Measures of Population Health to Improve Health Systems

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Readings

Textbooks

While there is no single textbook for this course, the following is a good general reference:

Hyder AA, Morrow RH. Disease burden measurement and trends. In: Merson MH, Black RE, Mills AJ, eds. International Public Health. Disease, Programs, Systems, and Policies. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publications, 2006:1-52


Topic Readings
Topic 1: Types of Summary Measures Hyder AA, Morrow RH. Measures of Health and Disease in Populations. In: International Public Health. Disease, Programs, Systems and Policies. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publications, 2006
Topic 2: Background and Development of SMPH Ghana Health Assessment Project Team: A quantitative method of assessing the health impact of different diseases in less developed countries. Int J Epidemiol 1981;10:73-80

World Bank: World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1993

Topic 3: Calculating HeaLY Part1 Hyder AA, Rotllant G, Morrow RH: Measuring the burden of disease: Healthy life-years. Am J Public Health 1998;88:196-202

Hyder AA, Morrow RH: Steady state assumptions in DALYs: effect on estimates of HIV impact. J Epidemiol Community Health 1999;53:43-45

Topic 4: Disability and Morbidity Mbogoni M: On the application of ICIDH and ICF in developing countries: evidence from the United Nations Disability Statisitics Database (DISTAT). Disability Rehabilitation 2003;25:644-658

Allotey P, et al. The DALY, context and the determinants of the severity of disease: an exploratory comparison of paraplegia in Australia and Cameroon. Soc Sci Med 2003;57:949-958

Topic 5: Social and Ethical Value Choices Mathers CD, et al. Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses for burden of disease and risk factor estimates. In: Lopez AD, et al. Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. Washington DC: World Bank, 2006

Morrow RH, Bryant JH. Health policy approaches to measuring and valuing human life: Conceptual and ethical issues. Am J Public Health 1995;85:1356-1360

Hammitt JK. Dicounting health increments [editorial]. J Health Econ 1993;12:117-120

Topic 6: Equity in Health Braveman P, Gruskin S. Defining equity in health. J Epidemiol Community Health 2003;57:254-258

Jagger C, et al. Inequalities in healthy life years in the 25 countries of the European Union in 2005: A cross-national meta-regression analysis. Lancet 2008;372:2124-31

Gwatkin DR. 10 best resources on . . . health equity. Health Policy and Planning 2007;22:348-351

Topic 7: National Burden of Disease Michaud CM, et al. The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996. Pop Health Metrics 2006;4:11

Vos T, et al. Burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples: the Indigenous health gap. Int J Epidemiol 2008;1-8

Topic 8: Calculating HeaLY Part 2 Bloom BR, et al. Priorities for global research and development of interventions. In: Bloom BR, et al. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. Washington DC: World Bank, 2006

Topic 9: Measuring the Burden of Risk Factors Ezzati M, et al. Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet 2002;360:1347-60

WHO: World health report 2002 - Reducing risks, promoting health life. World Health Organization, 2002

Topic 10: Resource Allocation Hyder AA, et al. Exploring health systems research and its influence on policy processes in low income countries. BMC Public Health 2007;7:309

Neumann PJ, Jacobson PD, Palmer JA. Measuring the vlue of public health systems: The disconnect between health economists and public health practitioners. Am J Public Health 2008;98:2173-2180

Topic 11: Priority Setting in Health Research Kapiriri L, Norheim OF, Martin DK. Fairness and accountability for reasonableness. Do the views of priority setting decision makers differ across health systems and levels of decision making? Soc Sci Med 2009;68:766-773

Smith N, Mitton C, Peacock S. Qualitative methodologies in health-care priority setting research. Health Econ 2008;18:1163-1175

American College of Physicians. Information on cost-effectiveness: An essential product of a national comparative effectiveness program [position paper]. Ann Intern Med 2008;148:956-961

Luce BR, et al. Rethinking randomized clinical trials for comparative effectiveness research: The need for transofrmational change. Ann Intern Med 2009;151:206-209

Topic 12: Comparisons: HeaLYs vs. DALYs vs. QALYs McKenna MT, et al. Assessing the burden of disease in the United States using disability-adjusted life years. Am J Prev Med 2005;28:415-423

Topic 13: Assessing Health System Performance WHO: World Health Report 2000 - Health Systems: Improving Performance. World Health Organization, 2000

Almeida C, et al. Methodological concerns and recommendations on policy consequences of the World Health Report 2000. Lancet 2001;357:1692-97

Navarro V. Assessment of the World Health Report 2000. Lancet 2000;356:1598-601

Topic 14: Applications of Summary Measures Lee H, Yoon S-J, Ahn H-S. Measuring the burden of major cancers due to smoking in Korea. Cancer Sci 2006;97:530-534

Heale JD, Abernathy TJ, Kittle D. Using healthy life years (HeaLYs) to assess programming needs in a public health unit. Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique 2000;9:148-52