Course: Urban Health in Developing Countries

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The readings shown here are samples from the most recent offering of the course. The live course reading list is updated with each offering through a news room page called the City News Desk.

Session Topic Readings
Module 1: The Urban Environment
1 Introduction Harpham T. Urban health in developing countries: What do we know and where do we go? Health & Place. 2009;15:107-116

Harpham T, Molyneux C. Urban health in developing countries: A review. Progress in Development Studies 2001;1:113-137

2 Global Urbanization Sclar ED, Garau P, Carolini G. The 21st century health challenge of slums and cities. Lancet 2005;365:901-3.

World Meteorological Organization. Cities Leverage Global Climate Change [press release]. April 8, 2007.

Dugger CW. Half the world soon to be incities. New York Times June 27, 2007

Daniel R. City limits? Habitat World September 2007

3 Physical Environment McMichael AJ. The urban environment and health in the a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2008;78:1117-26

Galea S, Vlahov D. Urban health: Evidence, challenges, and directions. Annual Review of Public Health 2005;26:341-65

4 Social Environment Lind A, Farmelo M. Gender and urban social movements: Women's community responses to restructuring and urban poverty. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. May 1996.

Osaghae E. Hometown associations as shadow states: The case of Igbos and Yorubas in Kano. In: Honey R, Okafor S, eds. Hometown Associations: Indigenous Knowledge and Development in Nigeria. London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 1998.

McNulty ML, Lawrence MF. Hometwon associations: Balancing local and extralocal interests in Nigerian communities. In: Honey R, Okafor S, eds. Hometown Associations: Indigenous Knowledge and Development in Nigeria. London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 1998.

Brieger WR, Adeniyi JD. Urban community health education in Africa. International Quarterly of Community Health Education. 1982;2:1981-82.

Module 2: Urban Health Issues
5 Urban Transport Tong S, von Schirnding YE, Prapamontol T. Environmental lead exposure: A public health problem of global dimensions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2000;78:1068-1077.

Hyder AA, Ghaffar AA, Sugerman DE, Masood TI, Ali L. Health and road transport in Pakistan. Public Health 2006;120:132-141.

Kushner D. Two strokes and you're out. Discover, May 2008.

Akinlade OC, Brieger WR. Motorcycle taxis and road safety in southwestern Nigeria. International Quarterly of Community Health Education. 2004;22:17-31.

6 Urban Primary Health Care Victora CG, et al. Context matters: interpreting impact findings in child survival evaluations. Health Policy and Planning 2005;20(Suppl1);i18-i31.
7 Infectious Diseases McMichael AJ. Environmental and social influences on emerging infectious diseases: Past, present, and future. Philosophical Transacations of the Royal Society 2004;359:1049-58.

Tatem AJ, et al. Human population, urban settlement patterns and their impact on Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity. Malaria Journal 2008;7:218

Geissbuhler Y, et al. Microbial larvicide application by a large-scale community-based program reduces malaria infection prevalence in urban Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. PLoS One 4(3):e5107

Weiss RA, McMichael AJ. Social and environmental risk factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Nature Medicine 2004;10:S70-S76

Brieger WR, et al. Urban malaria treatment behaviour in the context of low levels of malaria transmission in Lagos, Nigeria. African Journal of the Medical Sciences 2001;30(suppl):7-15.

8 Food Security Holmes S. World hunger's urban edge. BBC News, 5 June 2008

Lan NT, et al. Microbiological quality of fish grown in wastewater-fed and non-wastewater-fed fishponds in Hanoi, Vietnam: influence of hygiene practices in local retail markets. J Water Health 2007;5(2):209-18.

Maxwell D. The political economy of urban food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute, February 1998.

Mougeot LJA. Growing better citites: Urban agriculture for sustainable development. Ottowa: International Development Research Centre, 2006.

Women feeding cities: Gender mainstreaming in urban food production & food security. Proceedings of the workshop jointly organized by ETC-RAUF and CGIAR-Urban Harvest. Accra, Ghana; 20-23 September 2004.

Module 3: Urban Intervention Case Studies
9 Latin America See Readings for Session 13
10 India Perry H, et al. Barriers to immunization among women and children living in slums of zone 3 of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh: ICDDR,B, 2007.

Agarwal S, Bhanot A, Goindi G. Understanding and addressing childhood immunization coverage in urban slums. Indian Pediatrics 2005;42:653-663.

Awasthi S, Agarwal S. Determinants of childhood mortality and morbidity in urban slums in India. Indian Pediatrics 2003;40:1145-1161.

11 Working with NGOs to Improve Primary Health Care Perry HB, et al. A comprehensive assessment of the quality of services provided by family planning field workers in one major area of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Journal of Health & Population in Developing Countries 1999;2(1):45-57
12 Nigeria Brieger WR, et al. Community partners for health: Urban health coalitions in Lagos, Nigeria. International Quarterly of Community Health Education. 2001;20(1):59-81.

Last A. Millions lacking basics in Lagos. BBC News 18 April 2007.

Olukoju A. Cityscape: Lagos. Collapsing infrastructure. In: State of the World 2007. Washington DC: Worldwatch Institute, 2006.

13 Latin America Galea S, Freudenberg N, Vlahov D. Cities and population health. Social Science & Medicine. 2005;60:1017-1033

UN-HABITAT. 72 frequently asked questions about participatory budgeting. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT

Healthy Municipalities, Cities, and Communities Network Bulletin, December 2005.