Course: Issues in Mental Health Research in Developing Countries

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World Health Organization: Mental health and development: targeting people with mental health conditions as a vulnerable group. Publication Date: 2010.

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Session Topic Readings
1 Introduction: Burden of Disease and Course Administration

Patel V, Prince M. Global mental health: a new global health field comes of age. JAMA 2010;303(19):1976-1977)

Kessler RC, et al. Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distribtions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative. World Psychiatry 2007;6:168-176

Prince M, et al. No health without mental health. Lancet 2007;370:859-77

2 Defining Menntal Disorders

Chapter 2 of WHO Mental Health and Development Report

Patel V. The future of psychiatry in low- and middle-income countries. Psychological Medicine 2009;39:1759-1762

Lund C, et al. Poverty and common mental disorders in low an dmiddle income countries: A systematic review. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:517-528

Rahman A, Prince M. Mental health in the tropics. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology. 2009;103:95-110

3 Mental Health in Complex Emergencies

Jones L. Responding to the needs of children in crisis. International Review of Psychiatry 2008;20:291-303

Tol WA, et al. Political violence and mental health: A multidisciplinary review of the literature on Nepal. Social Science & Medicine 2010;70:35-44

Almedom AM, Summerfield D. Mental well-being in settings of "complex emergency": An overview. J Biosoc Sci 2004;36:381-388

Allden K, et al. Mental health and psychosocial support in crisis and conflict: report of the Mental Health Working Group. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2009;24:s217-s227.

4 & 5 Processes of Risk and Resilience: Youth and Adults, Parts 1 and 2

Armenian HK, et al. Risk factors for depression in the survivors of the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. J Urban Health 2002;79:373-382

Wadsworth ME, Santiago CD. Risk and resiliency processes in ethnically diverse families in poverty. Journal of Family Psychology 2008;22:399-410

Patel V, Kleinman A. Poverty and common mental disorders in developing countries. Bull WHO 2003;81:609-615

Sabin M, et al. Factors associated with poor mental health among Guatelamalan refugees living in Mexico 20 years after civil conflict. JAMA 2003;290:635-642

Betancourt TS, Khan KT. The mental health of children affected by armed conflict: Protective processes and pathways to resilience. International Review of Psychiatry 2008;20:317-328

Eytan A, et al. Determinants of postconflict symptoms in Albanian Kosovars. J Nerv Ment Dis 2004;192:664-671

6 Culture and Mental Health

Wilk CM, Bolton P. Local perceptions of the mental health effects of the Uganda acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemi. J Nerv Ment Dis 2002;190:394-397

Hinton DE, Lewis-Fernandez R. Idioms of distress among trauma survivors: subtypes and clinical utility. Cult Med Psychitry 2010;34:209-218

Bolton P, Tang AM. An alternative approach to cross-cultural function assessment. Soc Psychiatr Epidemiol 2002;37:537-543

Almedom AM, et al. Maternal psychosocial well-being in Eritrea: application of participatory methods and tools of investigation and analysis in complex emergency settings. Bull WHO 2003;81:360-366

7 Qualiatative Methods

Khawaja NG, et al. Difficulties and coping strategies of Sudanese refugees: A qualitative approach. Transcultural Psychiatry 2008;45:489

Weishaar HB. Consequences of international migration: A qualitative study on stress among Polish migrant workers in Scotland. Public Health 2008;122:1250-1256

Maman S, et al. A comparison of HIV stigma and discrimination in five international sites: The influence of care and treatment resources in high prevalence settings. Soc Sci Med 2009;68:2271-2278

Murray LK, et al. Violence and abuse among HIV-infected women and their children in Zambia: A qualitative study. J Nerv Ment Dis 2006;194:610-615

8 Instrument Development: Assessment and Translation

Mullick MSI, Goodman R. Questionnaire screening for mental health problems in Bangladeshi children: a preliminary study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2001;36:94-99

Zaidi SMH. Problems of translation in cross cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 1972;3:41-56

Matias-Carrelo LE, et al. The Spanish translation and cultural adaptation of five mental health outcome measures. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 2003;27:291-313

9 Instrument Development: Adaptation and Validation

Giang KB, et al. The Vietnamese version of the self-reporting questionnaire 20 (SRQ-20) in detecting mental disorders in rural Vietnam: A validation study. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 2006;52:175

Bass JK, et al. Post-partum depression in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: Validation of a concept using a mixed-methods cross-cultural approach. Tropical Medicine and International Health 2008;13:1534-1542

Betancourt TS, et al. Assessing local instrument reliability and validity: a field-based example from northern Uganda. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2009;44:685-692

Lauth B, et al. An Icelandic version of the Kiddie-SADS-PL: Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and inter-rater reliability. Nord J Psychiatry 2008;62:379-385

10 Psychsocial & Mental Health Interventions: Intervention Selection and Adaptation

Silove D, Zwi AB. Translating compassion into psychosocial aid after the tsunami. Lancet 2005;365:269

Mance GA, et al. Utilizing community-based participatory research to adapt a mental health intervention for African American emerging adults. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Acation 2010;4:131-140

Layne CM, et al. Effectiveness of a schooll-based group psychotherapy program for war-exposed adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2008;47:1048-1062

11 Vulnerable Populations, A Focus on Children

Lustig SL, et al. Review of child and adolescent refugee mental health. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2004;43:24-36

Jones L. Responding to the needs of children in crisis. International Review of Psychiatry 2008;20:291-303

Boris NW, et al. Depressive symptoms in youth heads of household in Rwanda. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(9):836-843

Rabaia Y, et al. Violence and adolescent mental health in the occupied Palestinian Territory: A contextual appraoch. Asia Pac J Public Health 2010;22:216S


12 Severe Mental Disorders

Kulhara P, et al. Psychoeducational intervention for caregivers of Indian patients with schizophrenia: A randomised-controlled trial. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2009: 119: 472�483

Negash A, et al. Prevalence and clinical characteristics of bipolar I disorder in Butajira, Ethiopia: A community-based study. Journal of Affective Disorders 87 (2005) 193�201

Chien W-T, et al. Evaluation of a Peer-Led Mutual Support Group for Chinese Families of People with Schizophrenia. Am J Community Psychol (2008) 42:122�134

Jones L, et al. Severe mental disorders in complex emergencies. Lancet 2009;374:654-661


13 Gender and Mental Health

Wyshak G. Violence, mental health, substance abuse - Problems for women worldwide. Health Care for Women International 2000;21:631-639

Patel V, et al. Women, poverty and common mental disorders in four restructuring societies. Social Science & Medicine 1999;49:1461-1471

Cardozo BL, et al. Mental health of women in postwar Afgahanistan. Journal of Women's Health 2005;14:285-293

Schubert CC, Punamaki R-L. Mental health among torture survivors: cultural background, refugee status and gender. Nord J Psychiatry Online 2010